Heritage Of India - Heritage Hotels In Rajasthan

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CHITTORGARH FORT - THE HERITAGE OF MEWAR

Chittorgarh Fort, heritageofindia, Indian Heritage, World Heritage Sites in India, Heritage of India, Heritage IndiaHeritage of India - Chittorgarh, one of the magnificent forts of Rajasthan, placed on 180 meter high hill, spread over an area of 700 acres near the Gambheri River in Chittorgarh.

This massive fort is located 112 kilometers from Udaipur, Rajasthan, also known as water fort because it had about 84 water bodies, out of which 22 still exist today including ponds, baories (stepwells), wells etc. Chittorgarh fort has seven huge gates, used to be guarded by bowmen soldiers and watch towers.

Name of Seven Gates of the Chittorgarh Fort

  • Padan Pol
  • Bhairon Pol
  • Hanuman Pol
  • Jorla Pol
  • Ganesh Pol
  • Laxman Pol
  • Ram Pol

Chittorgarh Fort is an extravagant creation by local Maurya rulers, ruled by Mewar density for centuries. The Chittorgarh Fort is the best known fort in Rajasthan, which is declared as UNESCO's World Heritage Site under Hill forts of Rajasthan along with Jaisalmer Fort, Amer Fort and Kumbhalgarh Fort.

Chittorgarh Fort is attacked mainly three times by enemies, first attack was in 1303 by Ala-ud-din Khilji defeated Rana Ratan Singh, then in 1533 after two centuries it was attacked by Bahadur Shah the king of Gujrat defeated Bikramjeet Singh and after four decades in 1568 Chittorgarh Fort was again attacked by Great Mughal Emperor Akbar defeated Maharana Udai Singh II and seized the fort. This glorious fort was returned to rulers of Mewar Kingdom in 1616 by Mughal Emepror Jahangir.

Major Monuments in Chittorgarh

  • Rana Kumbha Palace
  • Ratan Singh Palace
  • Rani Padmini's Palace
  • Fateh Prakash Palace
  • Vijay Stambh (Victory Tower)
  • Kirti Stambh (Tower of Fame)
  • Jain Temples
  • Meera Temple
  • Kalika Mata Temple

RANA KUMBHA PALACE

Rana Kumbha Palace at Chittorgarh Fort, heritageofindia, Indian Heritage, World Heritage Sites in India, Heritage of India, Heritage India
Rana Kumbha's Palace at Chittorgarh Fort
An ancient ruined monument of great heritage in Chittorgarh fort built in the 734 AD by Bappa Rawal. this palace the Rajput King Maharana Kumbha used to live and Maharana Udai Singh was born here who left the fort and founded Udaipur. The palace used to have underground cellars where Rani Padmini and other women committed ‘Jauhar’ (self-immolation). This is also said that their souls are still haunting this palace.

RANA RATAN SINGH PALACE

Rana Ratan Singh Palace at Chittorgarh Fort, heritageofindia, Indian Heritage, World Heritage Sites in India, Heritage of India, Heritage India
Rana Ratan Singh's Palace
This beautiful palace is used by royal family as winter palace, overlooking small lake named Ratneshwar Talab. The palace comprises of courtyards surrounded by rooms, towers etc. temple known as Ratneshwar Mahadeva Temple is on the north of the main gateway and this palace was also used for occasions and ceremonies in during the period of Rana Ratan Singh.

RANI PADMINI'S PALACE

Queen Padmini Palace at Chittorgarh Fort, heritageofindia, Indian Heritage, World Heritage Sites in India, Heritage of India, Heritage India
Queen Padmini's Palace
This palace has major role behind attack by Ala-Ud-din Khiliji on Chittorgarh, built on the banks of a Kamal Talab(Lotus Pool). It is in this palace the exquisitely beautiful Rajput queen, Rani Padmini, the wife of King Rawal Ratan Singh and daughter of a Sinhala ruler Gandharvasen lived her palatial life. This queen was mentioned in the epic poem of 'Padmavati', which had been composed during 1540 CE, by Malik Muhammad Jayasi.

FATEH PRAKASH PALACE

Fateh Prakash Palace at Chittorgarh Fort, heritageofindia, Indian Heritage, World Heritage Sites in India, Heritage of India, Heritage India

This is most preserved and beautiful double storeyed palace in Chittorgarh fort compound built by Rana Fateh Singh. In year 1968 big portion of this palace was converted into a public museum. This museum displays various daggers, knives, shields, axes, helmets, costumes and uniforms of soldiers, weapons and equipment used by soldiers of Mewar.

VIJAY STAMBH

Vijay Stambh at Chittorgarh Fort, heritageofindia, Indian Heritage, World Heritage Sites in India, Heritage of India, Heritage India

This Victory Tower commonly known as Vijay Stambh situated 600 meters from Kumbha Palace, was built by Maharana Kumbha between 1440 and 1448 to commemorate his victory over rulers of Malwa and Gujrat.

Vijay Stambh is 9 story tower which is dedicatged to Lord Vishnu, made of red sand stone and white marble. It is nice example of Rajput Hindu Architecture. Rana Kumbha also had the word Allah carved in Arabic nine times in the third story and eight times in the eighth. Vijay Stambh is also a perfect example of Hindu Muslim unity, how hindu and muslim soldiers of mewar fought with enemies. There are around 157 narrow steps to reach to the terrace.

KIRTI STAMBH

Kirti Stambh at Chittorgarh Fort, heritageofindia, Indian Heritage, World Heritage Sites in India, Heritage of India, Heritage India

This 22 meter tall Tower of Fame "Kirti Stambh" is dedicated to first Jain Teerthankar Adinathji, has a narrow stairway leading to top through seven stories.

GAUMUKH RESERVOIR

Gaumukh Reservoir at Chittorgarh Fort, heritageofindia, Indian Heritage, World Heritage Sites in India, Heritage of India, Heritage India

Gaumukh Reservoir is a deep pool that is filled by carved cow's mouth connected to spring. This tank used to be the main source of water during ancient days.

Best Time To Visit Chittorgarh

Chittorgarh is located very near to Udaipur City around 112 km. Best time to visit Chittorgarh is between September to Mid February, when stays pleasant. Travelers should avoid summers especially May to July, as the city get very hot from 35°C to 43°C.

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