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JEWELS OF FATEHPUR SIKRI - FORMER CAPITAL OF MUGHAL'S

fatehpur-sikri-world-heritage-site, heritageofindia, Indian Heritage, World Heritage Sites in India, Heritage of India, Heritage IndiaHeritage of India: Buland Darwaza, Jama Masjid, Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti r.a., Panch Mahal, Abdar Khana and Hiran Minar all of this historical monuments are situated in former capital of Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585, founded by Mughal Emperor Akbar.

Akbar the great founded this well planned city to honor the Sufi saint Sheikh Salim Chishti who foretold the birth of a son for Akbar, that took about fifteen year to get established completely.

Fatehpur Sikri is one of the best example of Mughal Islamic Architecture along with Taj Mahal, Red Fort Agra and Red Fort Delhi in India. Fatehpur Sikri is declared as World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Buland Darwaza (Gate of Magnificence)

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When Was It Built: 1601
Who Built It: Mughal Emperor Akbar
Time Taken: 12 Years
Where It Is located: Fatehpur Sikri, Agra District, Uttar Pradesh, India
Why Was It Built: To commemorate Mughal Emperor Akbar's victory over Gujarat.
Architectural Style: Islamic Persian Architecture
Visit Timing: Daily, Morning to Evening

This Buland Darwaza-The Great Gate was built by Muhal Emperor Akbar the Great to commemorate his historical victory over Gujarat. Buland Darwaza is set into the south wall of congregational mosque, that highlights the courtyard of the Jama Masjid, decorated by white and black marble and made of Red and buff sandstone has 55 meters in height and 35 meters wide and the total height of the Gate above the pavement is 176 ft. It's regarded as Akbar's crowning architectural legacy.

Buland Darwaza bears a persian inscription about the victory of Akbar over Uttar Pradesh and Gujrat and one of which reads: "Isa, Son of Mariam said: The world is a bridge, pass over it, but build no houses on it. He who hopes for an hour may hope for eternity. The world endures but an hour. Spend it in prayer, for the rest is unseen". 

Various verses from the book of Holy Quran have been carved in the Naskh (a distinct calligraphic style to write in the Arabic alphabet), drawn by Khwaja Hussain Chishti, a disciple of Sheikh Salim Chishti, who was famous Sufi saint of the Chishti Order. The approach to the Buland Darwaza consists of 42 steps. There are three bigger and thirteen smaller domed kiosks on the roof.

Jama Masjid

Jama Masjid Fatehpur Sikri is the most sacred building in the imperial complex of fatehpur sikri and it is one of the largest and most ornately finished mosques in the world.

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The most interesting feature of the Jama Masjid is that the dome is supported on beautifully designed corbelled pendentives instead of squinches as usual and the walls and frieze of the Jama Masjid is beautifully carved with with Persian and Arabic inscription containing verses from Holy Quran.

Tomb or Dargah of Sufi Saint Sheikh Salim Chishti

When Mughal Emperor Akbar was desiring for son, It was Sheikh Salim Chishti's Khanqah, famous Sufi Saint from Chistiya order who blessed Emperor Akbar and foretold the birth of a son Jehangir. This is another reason for this world heritage site is also a great religious site.

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The Tomb or Dargah of Sufi Saint Sheikh Salim Chishti is located into the imperial complex within the Jama Masjid's sahn, courtyard at Fatehpur Sikri facing towards Buland Darwaza. The tomb of Sheikh Salim Chisti is a single story white marble building enshrines the burial place of Sufi Saint  Sheikh Salim Chishti who was a descendant of Famous Sufi Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti r.a. of Ajmer. placed in the middle of a huge sandstone formation.

This beautiful mausoleum (Dargah), constructed by Akbar to show his love and respect for the Sufi Saint Sheikh Salim Chishti.

It is believed that by offering prayers at this tomb whatever one wishes will be fulfilled. It is also said that tying a thread at the marble windows of this tomb in order to get one's wishes fulfilled. When their wish is fulfilled, they come back to express their gratitude to the saint for granting their wish.

Diwan-E-Aam & Diwan-E-Khas

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Diwan-I-Khas Has A Single Pillar Connected To The Corners Of The Room By Three Walkways
Diwan-e-aam can be called as a hall of public audience where Emperor used to meet the general public. And Diwan-e-Khas was Hall of Private Audience is situated in the northeast corner of the royal complex, which is square building that has four chhatris on the roof and famous for its intricately carved colossal central pillar. The central platform attached to the pillar was the seat of the emperor while the diagonal galleries are believed to be the seat of ministers, here emperor used to meet and discuss with private audience.

Palace of Mariam-uz-Zamani

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This beautiful palace made of red sandstone was originally constructed for the Mughal Emperor Akbar's Rajput wife Mariam-us-Zamani better known as "Jodha bai". Her actual name was Heer Kunwari, Hira Kunwari or Harkha Bai, and she was also referred to as "Jodha Bai and this palace is also known as "Jodha Bai Palace".

Best Time to Visit

Fatehpur Sikri is located 37 kilometers form Afra and most popular tourist destination near Agra. Best time to visit this historical monument is during the winters from November to March, as summers and bit hot here. Fatehpur Sikri can be visited daily from morning to evening.


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