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Taj Mahal Agra India, heritageofindia, Indian Heritage, World Heritage Sites in India, Heritage of India, Heritage IndiaHeritage of India - The Taj Mahal, finest and the luxurious example of Mughal architecture. Which is one of the most beautiful tomb designated as a world heritage site.

This architectural masterpieces was built on the south bank of the Yamuna river in Agra between long journey of 22 years (1631 and 1653) by the orders of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his mavovrneen wife Mumtaz Mahal, at a cost of 32 million rupees, which today would be approximately 54 billion rupees/830 US dollars. Shah Jahan was the son of the Mughal Emperor Jehangir and grandson of the Great Mughal Emperor Akbar

It was built according to Islamic architecture. The whole compound is spread over 42 acres. it made use of the services of 22,000 laborers and 1,000 elephants. The monument was built entirely out of white marble was brought from Makrana, Rajasthan, the jasper from Punjab, jade and crystal from China. The turquoise was from Tibet and the Lapis lazuli from Afghanistan, while the sapphire came from Sri Lanka and the carnelian from Arabia. In all, twenty-eight types of precious and semi-precious stones were inlaid into the white marble.

Beautiful Image of Taj Mahal, heritageofindia, Indian Heritage, World Heritage Sites in India, Heritage of India, Heritage India

Taj Mahal was built in stages, with the plinth and the tomb taking up roughly 15 years. Building of minarets, mosque, jawab, and gateway took additional 5 years to be completed.

History of Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal is the unmatched example of how immortally a man loves his wife, even after she passed away and he made her memory that would never be fade away. This devoted lover was the Great Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, who was famous for his infinite love for his wife Mumtaz. Shah Jahan and Arjumand Banu Begum (Name of Mumtaz Mahal before marriage) first met at the early age of 14 and fell in love with each other, and five year later they got married in 1612.

Mumtaz Mahal whom Shah Jahan used to love more then his live, died in Burhanpur in the Deccan (now in Madhya Pradesh) in 1631, while giving birth to their 14th child. Soon after death of Mumtaz Mahal, Shah Jahan decided to keep her alive in memories forever in form of most beautiful mausoleum of the world.

After the death of Mumtaz Mahal her body was temporarily buried at Burhanpur and later her body was disinterred and transported to Agra, where her body was reburied in a grave in the Taj Mahal complex.

Major Parts of Taj Mahal

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  • Great Gate Entrance
  • Darwaza
  • Watercourse
  • Reflection Pool
  • Garden Views
  • Naubat Khana
  • Jami Masjid
  • Taj Mahal Plinth
  • Taj Mahal Interior
  • Guesthouse Views

Taj Mahal Calligraphy

Being a masterpiece of Indian Muslim architecture, Taj is also world famous for amazing calligraphy done on it, consist of Holy verses and passage from the holy book of Quran. Arabic inscriptions in black marble into white marble with scroll-like borders are used to used to decorate the south gateway and main tomb of Taj Mahal. Holy verses chosen refer mainly to the themes of judgement and paradisaical rewards for the faithful.

The actual tombs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan in the lower level, heritageofindia, Indian Heritage, World Heritage Sites in India, Heritage of India, Heritage India
The actual tombs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan in the lower level.
The main entrance is framed in rectangular with sura 89 of the Qur’an, namely al-Fajr (daybreak) inviting the believers into the Paradise. The calligrapher, Amanat Khan Shirazi’s signature is at the bottom left end of the frame dated Hijri 1057 (AD 1647/48). In the burial chamber of Mumtaz Mahal in the tomb, 99 name of ALLAH are carved as calligraphic inscriptions on the sides. Historians suggest that Amanat Khan was responsible not only for the design of the script but also for the choice of text.

The exterior of Taj Mahal are loaded with verses from the Quran like:
  • Surah 36 (Yaseen)
  • Surah 39 (The Crowds)
  • Surah 48 (Victory)
  • Surah 67 (Dominion)
  • Surah 77 (Those Sent Forth)
  • Surah 81 (The Folding Up)
  • Surah 82 (The Cleaving Asunder)
  • Surah 84 (The Rending Asunder)
  • Surah 89 (Daybreak)
  • Surah 91 (The Sun)
  • Surah 93 (Morning Light)
  • Surah 94 (The Solace)
  • Surah 95 (The Fig)
  • Surah 98 (The Evidence)
  • Surah 112 (The Purity of Faith)

Mosque & Guest House (Mehman Khana)

Taj Mahal includes a mosque on the left side from the garden and a guest house (Mehman Khana) on the right side create mirror-like symmetry. 

Taj Mahal Mosque, heritageofindia, Indian Heritage, World Heritage Sites in India, Heritage of India, Heritage India
Mosque in Taj Mahal
The guest house named Mehman Khana was used as the guest house during the death anniversaries of Mumtaz Mahal by the visitors and later dugring the time of British Government is was used as banquet hall for the entertainments of Indian and British officers in late 18th and 19th centuries.

The pool in front of the mosque functions as the place for ablution (Wudu) before the prayer.

Three marble domes over platforms cover both buildings and mosque has octagonal mihrab niches and guest house (mehman khana) has rectangular niches instead of mihrabs.

Myths About Taj Mahal

According to famous myth a number of items such as diamonds, a gold leaf which covered the part of the dome, a pearl blanket etc that were originally a part of the Taj Mahal were stolen.

Another myth is widely famous that Shah Jahan got the hands of his sculptors and architects cut off so that they would never be able to build a monument as magnificent and beautiful as the Taj again and he even got their eyes pulled out so that they would never be able to witness anything bigger and more beautiful than the monument that they had built during their lifetime.

Taj Mahal Timings

Day Timings: Every Day, (Except Friday), Sunrise to Sunset
Fee for Foreigners: Rs 750
Fee For SAARC and BIMSTEC Countries: Rs 510
Indian: Rs 20 (Entry Free for children below 15 years of age)

Taj Mahal at Night: 8:30 PM to 00:30 AM (On Full moon night, 2 days before and 2 days after)

Fee for Adult Foreigners: Rs 750
Fee For Adult Indian: Rs 510
Child 3-5 Year (Foreigners & Indian): Rs. 500

Note: The timings of visiting the Taj Mahal are set by the Archaeological Survey of India. The Taj is opened all days of the week except for Fridays, when it is opened in the afternoon only for those who have to attend prayers at the Taj Mosque. The tickets for the night viewing of the Taj Mahal can be purchased one day (24 hours) in advance of the date of night viewing from the booking counter.

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1 comment:

  1. The taj Mahal such an great place to visit in India. Best heritage site in India.